Regardless of content, teaching styles are the “distinct qualities displayed by a teacher that are persistent from situation to situation…. the total atmosphere created by a teacher’s views on learning” (Conti, cited in Galbraith, 2004, p. 76-77).
Robinson (2012) describes teaching style as, “set of teaching behaviors employed in the learning context which are consistent over time and context” (p.30).
The teacher’s teaching style incorporates their beliefs about teaching, their educational philosophy and their approach to teaching (Zinn, 1983). The two commonly accepted types of teaching styles are; teacher-centred and learner-centred (Conti, 1998; Galbraith, 2004; Fries, 2012; Huba & Freed, 2000; Cranton, 2000; Weimer, 2002; Kauchak & Eggen, 2008).
Teacher-Centred. In a teacher-centred approach, the teacher views his or her role as the expert of knowledge responsible for transmitting it to students.
Learner-Centred. In a learner-centred approach, the teacher views his or her role as a facilitator of learning, partnering with students in a cooperative and collaborative learning environment.
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